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Review Article

SRP. 2021; 12(2): 405-413


Hypnodontics as an Alternative to Relieve Anxiety in Children: A Systematic Review

Harun Achmad, Arni Irawaty Djais, Irene Edith Rieuwpassa, Eriska Riyanti, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Vrilli Vionita.

Abstract
Background: Oral health is in integral part of a child’s overall health and wellbeing; good oral health will also maintain overall general health. However, it is not rare to find children avoiding dental visit due to fear and anxiety. Numerous techniques have been employed to tackle this problem ranging from pharmacologic to non-pharmacologic method. One of the less traveled alternative roads towards child behavior management in dentistry field is hypnosis technique. Aim: This article aims to review the use of hypnosis in the field of dentistry particularly in pediatric dentistry as mean of fear and anxiety management in pediatric patient.
Method: The article search was performed using online database from Google Scholar and Pubmed. Articles included were articles published from 2013-2020. Keywords used to perform the search were as follows: “hypnodontics”, “hypnosis”, “pediatric dentistry”. In each article found according to keywords, the title and abstract of each article were checked and articles that meet the criteria were downloaded. Results: There were 17 articles that discussed the use of hypnosis in the field of pediatric dentistry to manage fear and anxiety.
Conclusion: Fear and anxiety can modify the behavior and leve of cooperation of pediatric patients. One method that is rarely used but has broad benefits for managing fear and anxiety as well as modifying the behavior of pediatric patients is hypnosis or in the context of dentistry called hypnodontics. Hypnotherapy will make pediatric patients more relaxed, reduce anxiety, fear and pain felt by pediatric patients and can even overcome excessive gag reflex.

Key words: Anxiety, Fear, Hypnosis, Hypnodontics, Pediatric Dentistry



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