The objective of the present study is to understand the spectrum and characteristics of admitted patients for anemia.
Materials and Methods
The present study included one hundred consecutive patients admitted with the diagnosis of anemia in general medicine wards. Data were collected in a pre-designed proforma and analyzed. Details regarding age, gender, clinical presentation, clinical examination findings, blood investigations, management and outcome were recorded. Severity of anemia was defined based on WHO criteria, for normal with hemoglobin value of equal to or more than 12 gm/d1, mild anemia as hemoglobin value of 10 up to 11.9 gm/1, moderate anemia as 7 to 9.9 gm/d1 and severe anemia as less than 7 mg/1 of blood. The Institutional Ethics Committee approved the study. The data analysis was carried out using the Epiinfo 7 ®.
The mean age was 46.92 years (minimum 13 years and maximum 85 years, SD ±16.80 years). Most of the time patients were house wives or farmers. Microcytic hypochromic anemia was most common followed by normocytic normochromic anemia. The mean hemoglobin was 6.9 gm% (minimum 2.2, maximum 11.9 and SD 2.34). 47% patients had severe anemia. All the patients were managed conservatively and improved. There was no mortality in the present series.
Key words: Anemia, red blood cells, rural, incidence