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Original Article

Anadolu Psikiyatri Derg. 2014; 15(3): 192-199


The role of Dopamine 2 receptor gene and personality characteristics in alcohol dependence in Turkish population

Arzu Dalmış, Yıldız Akvardar, Çiğdem Eresen, Sefa Kızıldağ, Uğur Akpulat, Şebnem Yıldırımcan, Haluk Arkar, Berna Binnur Akdede, Köksal Alptekin.

Abstract
Objective: Focusing on dopaminergic system, which is regarded to be responsible for alcohol dependence in many studies on animals and human beings, it is aimed to investigate TaqI A and B allel polymorphisms of Dopamine 2 receptor and personality characteristics in alcohol dependents and the relationship between these two parameters. Methods: In this study 64 alcohol dependent patients (3 females and 61 males) diagnosed according to DSM-IV diagnosis criteria, and 54 healthy subjects (8 female, 46 male) who themselves or whose first or second degree relatives had no alcohol dependence history were included. In order to determine their TaqI A and B alleles, blood samples were drawn from the participants, and then they were applied Temperament and Character Inventory and Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test scales. Results: Subjects with and without alcohol dependence revealed no significant difference as regards the frequency of TaqI A1 and B2 minor allel polymorphisms of DRD2 gene. It was also determined that the alcohol dependents had significantly higher scores in novelty seeking and harm avoidance dimensions, and lower scores in self-directedness and cooperativeness dimensions than the controls. In alcohol dependents, no association was determined between the personality characteristics and TaqI A1 and B2 minor allel polymorphisms. Conclusion: Not only one gene, but also several other minor genes in addition to personality characteristics and environment may play a role in vulnerability to alcohol dependence. In alcohol dependents, high novelty seeking is associated with the increase in impulsive behaviour, and may be important for the onset of alcohol taking behaviour. High level of harm avoidance may lead to taking alcohol continuously in order to deal with stress.
Key words:

Key words: alcohol dependence, genetics, D2 dopamine receptor gene (DRD2), Temperament and Character Inventory, personality



Article Language: Turkish English



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