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Review Article

Outbreak of Salmonella in Poultry of Bangladesh and possible remedy

Md Najmol Hoque, Rasha Binte Mohiuddin, Mohammad Mehedi Hasan Khan, Mst Afsana Hannan, Md Jahangir Alam.

Poultry sector is presently emerged as a great profitable sector in worldwide. The sector’s role in the immense development of the people related this sector. Eggs and hens of layer farms are a major protein source for the people in Bangladesh. Different types of zoonotic diseases prevent the development of the sector. Among the major anxiety related to the development are health issues that scolding not only animal production, but also the community using the food resulting from these animals. One of the most frequently and widely occurring disease is Salmonella. Small-scale commercial farms are predominating here as in Bangladesh where stocks range from several hundreds to thousands and kept in a semi-confined system with a minimum of bio security. In such a system, the birds might be more vulnerable to become exposed to Salmonella. Rainy season is the most suitable for salmonella infection then summer or winter. Prevalence of Salmonella spp. was significantly higher in egg shell compared to egg contents and associated with human illnesses during consumption of contaminated poultry eggs. Different survey notified that, salmonella occurrence in Bangladesh ranges from 20% to above 90% in different locations and seasons. Animals are recognized to be the major reservoir for salmonellae; modern methods of animal husbandry, food production and food handling may encourage the transmission of these organisms from animal products to man. Efforts including critical control point programs in food production are needed to reduce the incidence of Salmonella in food. Consumers-awareness efforts would protect public health from food borne Salmonellosis.

Key words: Salmonellosis, Poultry, Zoonotic Disease, Season.

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American Journal of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology


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