Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts

Original Research

Effectiveness of project-based learning in pharmacology as a teaching learning tool for second MBBS students in a medical college in South India

Arathy R, Sudha M J, Madhav Rao C, Remya S, Jahas J, Sibi S, Thasvi Kareem, Ramani P T.


Background: Being a vast, volatile and dynamic subject, innovative teaching learning methods are required to generate student’s interest in learning Pharmacology.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to study the effectiveness of project-based learning (PBL) program (preparation of a poster or building a model) in improving learning in Pharmacology and to obtain student feedback on the program.

Materials and Methods: Twenty-one topics with equal difficulty level were selected from the “must know” portions in Pharmacology. 97 students of second professional MBBS were divided into 12 groups for building a model and nine groups for preparing a poster. Groups for preparing a model had minimum five members and groups for preparing a poster had minimum four members in each group. They were asked to prepare the project based on the topic in 1 month as group task. On the day of the submission, one of the group members presented the model/poster and all other students attended the presentation. A test of ten questions (section A) was done on the students before the presentation which was entirely based on their own project. On the same day, pre-test (section B) having 20 questions, one from each topic was done before the presentation. Post-test was done for all the students immediately after the presentations and also after 1 week. Feedback forms were given to the students after the presentation. Data collected from both the projects were analyzed separately.

Results: The improvement in immediate post-test was significant in students involved in both the projects compared to the pretest results. In the individual project assessment, ≥50% marks were scored by 89.8% of the students involved in model building and 87.9% of the students involved in poster preparation. 46 students (78%) involved in model building and 24 students(72.7%)involved in the poster preparation opined that the overall process of preparing and presenting the poster/model was extremely enjoyable. 49 students (83.05%) involved in model building and 28 students (84.8%) involved in poster preparation opined that the project work was extremely helpful in understanding the topic.

Conclusion: PBL can be incorporated as a novel teaching learning tool in Pharmacology.

Key words: Project-Based Learning; Model; Poste; Pharmacology

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

ejPort - eJManager.com
Refer & Earn
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.