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Predictors and Effective Factors on Quality of Life Among Iranian Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Saied Karimi, Mohammad Hossein Yarmohammadian, Azad Shokri, Payman Mottaghi, Kamal Qolipour, Ayan Kordi, Najmeh Bahman Ziari.

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Introduction: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disorder that leads to joint swelling, stiffness, pain and progressive joint destruction. It is a common disease with prevalence of 1% worldwide that affecting all aspects of patients’ lives. Therefore, this study was conducted to summarize and provide a clear view of quality of life among the patients in Iran through a literature review. Methods: This study was conducted as a literature review over article published between 2000 to 2013, by using data bases comprise of Google scholar, Science Direct, Pubmed, IRANDOC, SID, Medlib, Magiran and by key words: “quality of life”, “rheumatoid arthritis”, “Iran” and their Persian equivalents. Finally 2065 articles assessed and according to the aim of the study are 11 studies synthesized. Extracted results first were summarized in Extraction Table, and then analyzed manually. Results: In reviewed articles rheumatoid arthritis patients’ quality of life was measured by using five different tools, the most important one of them was SF36 questionnaire. Among eight dimensions of SF36 questionnaire, the highest mean according included articles result was social functioning with average score of 63.4 and the lowest for physical limitation (physical role functioning) with score of 43. Overall, mean of eight dimensions was 52.47. The most important factors affecting quality of life were disease severity and pain, depression, income, educational, occupational status, married status, sign of disease, fatigue, anxiety and disease activity scores. Conclusion: The results of the study showed relatively low quality of life of rheumatoid arthritis patients in Iran. Empowering patients by participating them in service delivery process and decision making can improves quality of life and in this regard health care provider must be focused on patient self-care abilities and reinforcing this factor by training them.

Key words: Rheumatoid Arthritis, Quality of Life, Systematic Review, Iran.

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