Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research



Effect of cigarette smoking on cognitive performance in young adult smokers

Pushpa K, Kanchana R.

Abstract
Background: Cigarette smoking represents a considerable public health burden globally. Smoking in older adults is associated with cognitive impairment and more rapid age-associated cognitive decline, but there is a paucity of studies in younger people. Hence, the study was undertaken to know the effect of cigarette smoke on cognitive functions in young healthy adults.

Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess and to compare the cognitive performance in young adult smokers and non-smokers.

Materials and Methods: Study was conducted between 30 male smokers (study group) and age, body mass index and education level matched (18–30 years) 30 male non-smokers (control group) based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Subjects of both groups answered a self-reported questionnaire about smoking and personal history. Cognitive tests were done for both the groups, scores tabulated and analyzed.

Results: Study group showed a significant reduction in psychomotor speed (P < 0.001) and sustained attention (P < 0.001) but no significant changes in executive functions as compared to subjects in the control group.

Conclusion: Prevention of early cognitive decline in smokers has to be the top priority so as to reduce the public health burden. Awareness has to be created among smokers about the neurotoxic effects of cigarette smoke and increased risk of cognitive impairment.

Key words: Cognition; Cognitive Impairment; Neurotoxic Effects; Smoking



Similar Articles

Research advances on how metformin improves memory impairment in "chemobrain".
Alhowail A, Chigurupati S
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(1): 15-19

Neuroprotective effects of Alda-1 mitigate spinal cord injury in mice: involvement of Alda-1-induced ALDH2 activation-mediated suppression of reactive aldehyde mechanisms.
Khan M, Qiao F, Kumar P, Touhidul Islam SM, Singh AK, Won J, Singh I
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(1): 185-193

Taijiquan and qigong as a mindfulness cognitive-behavioural based therapy on the treatment of cothymia in school-age children - A preliminary study.
Rodrigues JM, Lopes L, Gonçalves M, Machado JP
Journal of bodywork and movement therapies. 2021; 26(): 329-338

Effects of hydrogen water treatment on antioxidant system of litchi fruit during the pericarp browning.
Yun Z, Gao H, Chen X, Chen Z, Zhang Z, Li T, Qu H, Jiang Y
Food chemistry. 2021; 336(): 127618

Effects of decapitated and root-pruned Sedum alfredii on the characterization of dissolved organic matter and enzymatic activity in rhizosphere soil during Cd phytoremediation.
Niu H, Wu H, Chen K, Sun J, Cao M, Luo J
Journal of hazardous materials. 2021; 417(): 125977


Full-text options


Add your Article(s) to Indexes
• CiteIndex: Articles & Statistics







Advertisement
American Journal of Diagnostic Imaging

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW




ScopeMed.com
CiteIndex.org
CancerLine
FoodsLine
PhytoMedline
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.