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Research Article

ECB. 2022; 11(2): 23-29


Vatika Agarwal, Subhabrata Maiti.


: Denture stomatitis is a common oral condition of multifactorial etiology. Factors such as age,gender,oral and denture
hygiene may play a role in predisposition to denture stomatitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate these factors and
understand the various modalities of treatment for effective management of denture stomatitis with respect to the South Indian
population.Case sheets of around 26,000 patients were reviewed from March 2019 to June 2020 out of which a sample size of
56 patients were included. To eliminate bias all patients affected by the disease, who had completed treatment were included
in the study. Epidemiological data of the patient along with their ongoing treatment was collected and tabulated in MS Excel
sheet. The data was then analysed using IBM SPSS software version 23.The prevalence of denture stomatitis in females was
57.1% while in males was 42.9%. Age group of 51-60 years and 61-70 years was found to be equally and most commonly
affected. Palate was found to be most commonly affected. The most common treatment modality used was pharmacotherapy
using antifungal drugs.The increasing prevalence of denture stomatitis amongst the older population is a matter of great
concern. The present study shows the prevalence of denture stomatitis in females especially in the old age population. Thus it
is important to increase awareness amongst the patients regarding the condition and effective maintenance of oral and denture
hygiene and to increase awareness amongst the dentists regarding the various treatment modalities to effectively prevent and
clinically manage such conditions.

Key words: Denture stomatitis, Candida Albicans, Denture hygiene, oral hygiene, pharmacotherapy, innovative.

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