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Research Article

ECB. 2022; 11(1): 36-42


PREVALENCE OF CARIOUS LESIONS AND NONCARIOUS LESIONS AMONG GINGIVITIS PATIENTS VISITING A DENTAL COLLEGE- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Ajrish George S, Sankari M, Nashra Kareem.


Abstract

Background: Gingivitis is a non-destructive disease of inflammation of gums. Microorganisms inhabiting the oral
biofilm anaerobes which release endotoxins when they penetrate periodontal tissues which result in periodontal damage. Dental
caries occur as a result of the imbalance of the indigenous bacteria that accumulate onto the surface. Both dental caries and
periodontal disease coincide with each other. Aim: This study aims to find the prevalence of carious lesions and non-carious
lesions among patients with gingivitis. Materials and Methods: The study involves the assessment of patients visiting
saveetha dental college. The clinical assessment of both perio-pathogenic, carious lesions, and the non-carious lesion was
collected. The data was retrieved and was computed in excel format. It was then compared and analyzed statistically. Result:
There were 59 males and 41 female patients in this study. Based on age the patients were grouped into 3 groups (20-29 age
patients in group 1, 30-39 age patients in group 2, and 40-50 age patients in group 3). It was found that about 71%of the patient
examined had gingivitis. Among the patients with gingivitis, about 51% of the patients had caries.
Conclusion: The study concludes there is a close relationship between gingivitis and dental caries.

Key words: gingivitis, periodontitis, , non-carious lesion, innovative ,carious lesion






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