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Original Article

NMJ. 2021; 10(2): 3-9

Factors associated with quality of life among spinal cord injury survivors: A cross-sectional survey

Banita, Meenakshi, Priyanka Kumari, Shalini, Manju Dhandapani, Ashok Kumar, Vishal Kumar, Renu Kumari, Sivashanmugam Dhandapani.


Background: Improving the quality of patients with spinal cord injury is an imperative goal of treatment. The study’s objectives were to assess the Quality of Life (QOL) and identify the factors of QOL among the patients with spinal cord injury.
Methods: Using the total enumeration method, 121 patients of SCI were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Ethical clearance was taken from Ethics Committee, and consent was taken from patients. World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF scale (WHOQOL-BREF) was used to assess QOL.
Results: The average age of the patients was 47.99±14.70 years. More than half the patients were males. Almost half of the patients (48.0%) reported poor QOL. The psychological and physical domains of QOL were most affected with a mean QOL score of 34.41±11.79 and 38.90±8.55, respectively, out of 100. Significantly poor QOL was reported by patients with higher education (p=0.006), high per capita income (p=0.01), patients who were widow/widower (p=0.03), patient with tetraplegia (p=0.01), depressive symptoms (p

Key words: quality of life, spinal cord injury, World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF scale, activity of daily living scale, instrumental activity of daily living, nursing assessment

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