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Original Research

RMJ. 2021; 46(4): 776-779

Effect of loneliness and sleep disturbances on mental health problems among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic: Moderating role of resilience

Awwabah Rufarakh, Samina Majeed, Ayesha Jahangir, Mussarat Jabeen Khan, Zartasha Farooq, Alio Mohammad.


Objective: To examine the correlation between loneliness, sleep disturbances, resilience and mental health problems such as depression, anxiety and stress among young adults during COVID-19 pandemic.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 500 young adults with age 18-40 years from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region, Pakistan. We used UCLA-Loneliness Scale, PROMIS-Sleep Disturbance Scale, the Ego Resiliency scale and DASS-21. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results: There was positive correlation between loneliness, sleep disturbance, mental health problems and a negative correlation with resilience. Resilience played a moderating role between loneliness and mental health problems and between sleep disturbances and mental health problems.
Conclusion: During the times of the COVID-19 pandemic, loneliness, sleep disturbances effect on mental health problems, and the positively correlate and they correlate negatively with resilience.

Key words: Loneliness, sleep disturbance, mental health problems, COVID 19.

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