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Original Research

Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2013; 21(2): 105-108


Chemical Composition of Kapok (Ceibapentandra) Seed and Physicochemical Properties of its Oil

K.M. Anigo,B.M.D. Dauda,A.B. Sallau and I.E.Chindo.




Abstract

Determination of the chemical composition of Kapok (Ceibapentandra) seeds and physicochemical properties of its oil were carried out using standard methods. Mature dried fruits of Kapok from which seeds were obtained were collected from in and around Basawa village, Sabon Gari Local Government Area, Kaduna State. Results of proximate analysis show crude fat (23.10%) and crude protein, (36.70%) while calcium (1212mg/kg) was most abundant among minerals analysed. Kapok seed oil had clear bright yellowish colour with offensive odour with iodine value, (76.80g I/100 g oil) and saponification value, (179.77mg KOH/g oil). Lignin content of the kapok fiber was 5.54%. We concluded that the kapok seeds, which are under-utilized and often discarded as an agrowaste in our environment, is rich in oil and protein therefore, has a reasonable economic potential which can be harnessed.

Key words: Kapok, Ceibapentandra, physicochemical properties, oil, iodine value, saponification value






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