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Review Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(1): 164-169

Infectious diarrhea, mechanisms of infections and clinical management: a review

Aseal Abdulhamid Kalantan, Turki Nizar Abdulaziz Hammad, Abdulmajeed Adil Sagr, Sari Abdulhamid Kalantan, Marwan Abdulmoomin Zakaria Sabbagh, Ahmed Talal Mohammed Barasayn.


Infectious diarrhea (ID), caused by an infectious pathogen, is often accompanied by vomiting, nausea, and abdominal cramps. Diarrhea is associated with malnutrition, impaired cognitive, and physical development. There are several pathogens involved in ID, including Salmonella, Shigella, and Escherichia coli. The current study aimed to highlight the mechanism and management of ID. The articles involved in this review were obtained from scientific websites using several keywords. A total of 15 studies are included in the current review. The exact mechanism of ID varies based on causative agents; however, some pathogenic mechanisms are unknown. The management of ID includes replacing the loss of solution and electrolytes with rehydrating solutions and effective nutrients for the patient and the usage of antimicrobial agents against the pathogens.

Key words: Infectious diarrhea, mechanism, management.

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