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Original Article

AJVS. 2013; 39(1): 12-17

Investigation of the Immune Status of Camels (Camelus dromedarius) Against Some Viral Diseases

Mohamed Karam Elbayoumy, Ahmad Mohammad Allam, Ahmed Mohamed Albehwar, Effat Lotfy Elsayed.


Serum samples from 165 unvaccinated male and female camels of different ages were randomly collected from the local abattoir in Cairo, Egypt during the period of April 2011 till April 2012. One hundred and seventeen serum samples were from camels locally raised in Egypt and 48 serum samples were from camels raised in Mogadishu-Somali Democratic Republic and came to the slaughterhouse in Cairo, Egypt. Serum neutralization test was run to determine the presence of antibodies against Bovine ephemeral fever (BEF), Bovine virus diarrhea (BVD), Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1), and Parainfluenza type 3 (PI3) viruses. The overall results for the antibodies detection in serum samples were 12.72%, 14.54%, 27.87%, and 18.18% against BEFV, BVDV, PI3V and BHV-1 respectively.

Key words: Dromedary camels, BRDC, BEF, SNT

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