Objective: To assess the association of age, gender, and mechanism of injuries in patients presenting at tertiary care facilities of Karachi, Pakistan.
Method: A retrospective analysis of 1038 patients visiting private and public tertiary care dental hospital was conducted. Data was collected by means of a comprehensive history, clinical examination, and radiological investigation. Qualitative variables were calculated as frequencies and percentage whereas means and standard deviation of quantitative variables were analyzed. Association among dependent and independent variables were assessed by Chi-square test.
Results: A total of 1038 patients reported, which included 85 % of males and 15 % females. 43% of males were subjected to road traffic accidents followed by falls, while RTA accounted for the majority of injuries in females (12 %). The body of the mandible was the most frequently affected bone accounting for 32%, while condyle was next commonly involved. The left side of the mandible was noted to be affected. Only 6% of fractures involved the Zygomatic region.
Conclusion: In this study, RTA’s were the most common cause of injuries among males and females in the second and third decades of life while in young children falls predominated. The mandibular body was the most frequently involved site followed by the condyle
Key words: Maxillofacial injuries, Road traffic accidents, falls, body of mandible, trauma
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