Objective: The aim of this study is the retrograde analysis of the patients managed in Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, intensive care unit (ICU) for intoxication between 2003 2007 and to gather data for epidemiologic studies.
Materials and Methods: Recording of patients followed up for intoxication was investigated for demographic specialty, intoxication reason, commensurability psychiatric illness, hospital stay and mechanic ventilation.
Results: In this period 165 (12.6%) of the 1273 patients were managed in intensive care unit, followed up for intoxication. 111 (67.3%) of the patients were female, 54 (32.7%) were male with the mean age of 27.9. The most common intoxication reasons were suicide by overdosing [134 patients (81.2%)], accidental intoxication [13 patients (7.9%)] and drug addiction [12 patients (7.3%)]. 83 (53.3%) of the patients have a psychiatric illness known before. The most common drugs taken for suicide were antidepressants (70.9%), and the most common one in this group was amitriptylin (38.8%). CO intoxication results in the longest entubation term with an average of 8.50 days and the longest hospital stay with an average of 9.83 days. 159 of the patients (96.4%) were discharged, 6 patients were lost in the ICU (3.6%).
Conclusion: The great majority of the patients were young female patients who took drugs for suicide. Patients frequently use antidepressants to suicide and amitriptylin as a cheap and easily reachable substance is the most common one in this group.
Intensive care, intoxication, antidepresants, amitriptylin
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