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Mastalgia in Female Medical Students, Mansoura University, Egypt

Noha Eladawi, Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Doaa Abdel-Hady, Ahmed Gibreel.

Cited by (2)

AIM: Mastalgia is common and could heavily affected females' life. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of mastalgia, its characteristics and predisposing factors among a sample of female medical students in Mansoura University.
METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 797 female medical students in Egypt. Data was collected through a self-administered questionnaire covering the presence of breast pain and its characteristics, exacerbating factors, breast pain questionnaire (McGill) as well as effect on usual activities and treatment practices.
RESULTS: Among 797 students, 26.7% had mastalgia. The mean duration of pain was 2.61.58 days. According to McGill pain score, the mean scores of sensory and affective pain were 2.62.3 and 0.931.4, respectively. The independent risk factors of mastalgia were: breast infection; breast mass; being married and excess consumption of fatty diet. The commonest adopted management strategy for pain was by wearing a firm bra (47.5%) or drinking hot drinks and herbs (43.7%). A well fitting bra has been shown to reduce pain.
CONCLUSIONS: Breast pain or mastalgia is a common symptom in females. A larger representative study including non-university and minority populations would be expected to give better epidemiologic and clinical features of mastalgia as well as its effect on women's activity and productivity.

Key words: Mastalgia – Medical students - McGill pain score.

Article Language: Turkish English

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