The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the discourse currently going on in the world about the prevention and control of non communicable diseases. There is a realization now across nations, whether developed or developing, that NCDs are a serious threat and must be dealt with, as proactively as communicable diseases. There is also an understanding that this is not an issue that can be dealt with in isolation. There has to be a collaborative approach between the various State and Non-State actors.The paper also put forth the major risk factors and provides some statistics to comprehend the grimness of the situation. Some estimates of the global economic burden of NCDs in 2010, and the projected figures for 2030 have also been put forth to highlight the fact that its not only an individual who suffers the brunt of the disease, but it is the whole economy that has to face the effects of it indirectly. The paper also put forth some intervention measures that have been researched upon and foundto be an effective way to tackle this looming threat. It also brings forth the responsibilities of eachof the players who need to work severally and jointly to reduce the disease burden and improve the quality of life.
Key words: Non communicable diseases;Risk Factors; Global Economic Burden