Background: When the kidney is unable to filter blood, dialysis is an alternate method for filtration. Lifetime dialysis becomes unavoidable unless kidney transplantation is successfully done. Hemodialysis subjects normally have a poor quality of life and there is a positive association between quality of life of patient and support of family. Hence, it was necessary to conduct this study for creating awareness regarding the home management of dialysis among the caregivers of hemodialysis subjects to improve their knowledge.
Objectives: The objectives of this study were as follows: (i) To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme (STP) on knowledge regarding home care management of hemodialysis subjects and (ii) to find association between pre-test knowledge and selected demographic variables.
Materials and Methods: The evaluative approach was used; one group pre-test and post-test design was used. The study was conducted on sample of 40 caregivers of hemodialysis subjects using convenient sampling technique. The data were collected by structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The mean knowledge score of caregivers of hemodialysis subjects during the pre-test was 39.48%, whereas it had risen up to 82.50% during the post-test as an effectiveness of STP. Therefore, the difference assessed was 43.02% between pre-test and post-test.
Conclusion: There was significant difference between the pre-test knowledge level and post-test knowledge level of caregivers on home care management of hemodialysis subjects. Hence, health education programs and on-going teaching both can further improve the knowledge of caregivers.
Key words: Hemodialysis; Caregivers; Structured Teaching Programme; Management