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Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1912-1917

COVID-19 pandemic effects on diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Abdulrahman Abdulmhsen Alshaikh, Maisa Mohammed Abdullah Mallawi, Shahad Yousef Abdulhamed Aljuhani, Rawan Yaqob Ibrahim Mohammed Kareem Alkhotani, Nesrin Mazi Awad Aljohani, Doaa Ahmed Aljehani, Lena Mohammed Jalal Alsayyad, Rawan Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Albatool Mohammed Abdullah Baz, Maha Hamied Atyan Alsayed, Rasha Abdulaziz Alluhaybi.


Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a recently emerged global catastrophe costing thousands of lives and making millions of people sick all over the world. This study aimed to assess the COVID-19 effects on diabetic patients and to explore its effects on follow-up visits, medication refills, and psychological impacts on diabetic adults and adolescent patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Methodology: In this cross-sectional study, 234 adult/adolescent male and female diabetic patients, with Saudi or non-Saudi residency, were randomly enrolled. A pre-tested questionnaire was used for data collection in 2020.
Results: Majority of the participants were female (67.9%), and in the age group of 46-65 years (59%). About 53.4% of the participants reported that they had received guidance about self-management of diabetes from governmental or nongovernmental organizations during the COVID-19 lockdown and the major source of guidance was physicians (70.5%). Only 49.6% of the participants monitored their blood glucose regularly during the lockdown, once or twice per day (44.8%, 28.4%, respectively) and 70.5% did not face any difficulties in finding the monitoring accessories. Regarding the impact of the lockdown on the follow-up visits, 152 participants (65%) pre-scheduled their follow-up visits with their physicians. Of the total participants, 57.7% feared that they would contract COVID-19 infection more than non-diabetic people and 23.5% reported disturbances in their sleep cycles that happened many times.
Conclusion: Many patients reported a change in their lifestyle and eating habits, which may predispose them to difficulties in their glycemic control.

Key words: COVID-19, COVID-19 pandemic, diabetic patients, diabetes

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