Background: Cardiac arrest is a serious condition, which is characterized by the inability of the heart to maintain effective circulation as well as unresponsiveness and abnormal or lack of respiratory effort. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a set of organized interventions that aim to restore the Return of Spontaneous Circulation and respiratory ventilation. The aim of this study was to assess the parents awareness about CPR in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Methods: The study is a cross-sectional study. In this study, an electronic multi-item validated questionnaire was used for data collection. It was distributed through a link and was filled out by the parents. Participants were randomly selected in the study area (Jeddah) at the time of data collection.
Results: Four hundred participants responded to our questionnaire. 28.5% of respondents indicated being certified in CPR. In addition, 28.2% of respondents indicated that they felt able to or had experience in performing CPR. Male respondents were more likely to be CPR certified (40.8% vs. 25.6%, p = 0.008). The majority of respondents could think of reasons that would prohibit them from performing CPR (96%). However, males were more likely to say there was no reason that would prohibit them from performing CPR compared to women (10.5% vs. 2.5%, p = 0.001).
Conclusion: There is a low number of parents who are aware of CPR or how to perform it. This can be caused by the lack of obligatory implementation of Basic Life Support (BLS) courses in Saudi Arabia, we recommend increasing the parents awareness of CPR through education and providing courses for new parents in the hospitals.
Key words: Awareness, cardiopulmonary, resuscitation, medical education.