Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts

Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 838-844

Awareness and knowledge toward dry eye disease among Saudi Arabian population

Allam Khalid, Aladhyani Abdulwahab, Alharbi Aseel, Alshngeetee Ayshah, Alharbi Khalid, Aljuaid Mohammed, Alshowigi Njood, Alghamdi Omar, Alnuman Rawand, Alkhaldi Saleh.


Background: Dry eye syndrome (DES), also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), affects the tear film either by decreasing the production of tears or by increasing the evaporation of tears. Also, the syndrome is multifactorial, where patients usually complain of a variety of symptoms, including dry eyes, burning sensation, pain, and photophobia. The present study aimed at measuring the awareness and knowledge regarding DES among the population of Saudi Arabia via a questionnaire.
Methodology: Healthy Saudi adults (male and female) would answer an online questionnaire delivered by social media to measure the awareness of KCS among patients aged from 18 to 55 years, where healthcare providers were not allowed to participate in the study.
Results: In this study, we received 451 responses to our questionnaire. Almost half of the participants were aged between 18 and 25 years, while 28.6% were aged between 36 and 55 years. Females represented a slightly higher percentage of the sample (57.9%). Asthma was the most commonly reported chronic condition with a prevalence of 9.1%, while hypertension prevalence was 6.2%. Moreover, most of the participants indicated that they had not had any ocular surgery (82%), while 11.8% indicated that they had refractive surgery and 5.1% had other surgery.
Conclusion: We had observed a poor attitude toward DES among the Saudi Arabian population, including that most of the participants did not have a routine ophthalmologist visit and tended to use electronic devices for a long time without a break knowing about their risk

Key words: Dry eye, DES, complication, knowledge, treatment, causes.

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

ejPort - eJManager.com
Refer & Earn
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.