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Is Primary Cesarean Section a Cause of Increasing Cesarean Section Rates in Greece?

Evangelia Antoniou, Eirini Orovou, Angeliki Sarella, Maria Iliadou, Ermioni Palaska, Antigoni Sarantaki, Georgios Iatrakis, Maria Dagla.


Introduction: Cesarean Section is a surgical procedure which can be life saving and necessary in some circumstances. Nonetheless, Cesarean Delivery continues to result in increased complications for subsequent deliveries as well as increased financial costs. This phenomenon raises concerns over the growing rates of Cesarean deliveries among women at low risk for a complicated birth whose first delivery was by Cesarean Section for non-medical reasons. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine whether PCS is a main factor in the overall percentage of CS in Greece and define the causes of elective and emergency cesarean sections in primary ones. Methods: From 365 cesarean deliveries during the research period, a sample of 162 women who underwent a primary cesarean section at a Greek University hospital has consented to participate. Medical and demographic data as well as data from women’s medical dossier were used in the day 3 postpartum. Results: Out of 162 primiparous mothers, 38.9% underwent an emergency cesarean section and 61.1% an elective cesarean section. Furthermore, the results show that women, who had been diagnosed with stress disorders or depression, with abnormal fetal heart rate, pathological NST/Doppler and had developed complications after cesarean section, were more likely to undergo an emergency cesarean delivery. Conclusion: This survey shows the lack of evidence-based guidelines in obstetrician’s practice and the lack of perinatal support centers in Greece. Primary CS can be characterized as a key factor in the overall increase of CS, given the vicious cycle of recurrence of a Cesarean delivery.

Key words: Cesarean Section, primary Cesarean Section, risk factors for primary cesarean section, cesarean section rates.

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