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Original Article

Med Arch. 2022; 76(2): 127-130

The Effect of Covid-19 Severity on Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Manifestations

Besut Daryanto, Alfryan Janardhana, Athaya Febriantyo Purnomo.


Background: The dominant symptoms in the patient with COVID-19 are symptoms of the respiratory organ system such as cough, rhinorrhea, dan shortness of breathing. Nonetheless, some reports found involvement of another organ system, including the gastrointestinal system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system, urinary system, such as lower urinary tract symptoms. Hematuria related to infection of COVID-19 virus on adult and kids were reported. Urinary frequency related to infection of the covid-19 virus was also reported. However, the association between covid-19 infection and lower urinary symptoms was still unknown. Objective This study aims to identify the effect of covid-19 infection on lower urinary tract symptoms manifestation on the patient with COVID-19 treated in Field Hospital. Methods: The design of this study is cross-sectional. After inclusion and exclusion criteria, the male and female patients were then asked based on question points from the International Prostate Score and latest condition related covid-19. In addition, we statistically analyzed the association and the effect between these two variables. Results: Six hundred and six COVID-19 confirmed patients were included in this study. The most frequent complaints of lower urinary tract symptoms were frequency. The severity of the covid-19 correlates with the lower urinary tracts symptoms score. Conclusion: The most common lower urinary tract symptoms are frequency, urgency, and nocturia. These lower urinary tract symptoms may increase in severity with the severity of the infection from COVID-19. The severity of COVID-19 has a significant effect on the increase in lower urinary tract symptoms.

Key words: Severity, Covid-19, IPSS, Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms.

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