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Supplementing Rumen Protected Choline with Green Tea Extract Exerts Hepatoprotective Effect in Transition Karan Fries Cows by Modulating Serum Biochemistry

Parag Acharya, S. S. Lathwal, Pawan Singh, Baisakhi Moharana, Neelamadhav Patnaik.

Abstract
The present experiment was carried out on thirty-two pregnant Karan Fries (KF) cows. In control group, cows were fed basal diet. In T1 each cow was fed rumen protected choline (RPC) (55g/day), in T2 - green tea extract (GTE) (3g/d) and in T3- RPC + GTE (55+3)g/day along with basal diet. The plasma non-esterfied fatty acids (NEFA) concentration reduced significantly (p ≤ 0.01) in T1, T2 and T3 than control from the day of parturition up to the end of experiment. The cows supplemented with RPC and GTE showed a trend towards decreased plasma beta- hydroxy butyric acid (BHBA) (p ≤ 0.01) than control. No significant (p ≥ 0.05) difference was observed across the groups for plasma cholesterol and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentration. Plasma aspartate amino transferase (AST) concentration reduced significantly (p ≤ 0.05) in T1, T2 and T3 as compared to control from 0th day to 15th day of parturition. The concentration of plasma triacylglycerol (TAG) and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) increased significantly (p≤ 0.01) in T1 and T3 as compared to control. In conclusion, feeding of RPC and GTE in combination improved hepatic performances during transition period in Karan Fries cows.

Key words: Rumen protected choline, green tea extract, transition Karan fries cows, BHBA, NEFA



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