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Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(2): 614-621


The incidence of hypoglycemia and its risk factors among diabetic patients in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia

Ahmed Mohammed Elshebiny, Hassan Abdulaziz Alali, Zainab Mohammed Alamer, Yasmin Kadhem Alsultan, Hashim Essa Alkhalaf, Abdullah Mustafa Alkishi, Mohammed Abdulmajeed Alsuwaylih.


Abstract

Background: Hypoglycemia is a commonly encountered acute complication among diabetic patients having either type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM or T2DM). When severe and not early detected, hypoglycemia can be fatal. In Saudi Arabia, DM affects about 20% of the adult population. The present study aimed at evaluating the incidence of hypoglycemia and its risk factors among diabetic patients in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
Methodology: A questionnaire-based, observational cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 Saudi adult patients aged between 18 and 65 years who have either T1DM or T2DM. Patients were selected using the non-probability consecutive sampling from residents of the East Providence of Saudi Arabia.
Results: The study included 400 patients with DM; patientsÂ’ ages ranged from 18 to 65 years. Most patients had T2DM (85.8%; 343). The incidence of hypoglycemia among the total studied diabetic patients was 90 (22.5%) in a year. Most diabetic patients were found to have excellent compliance with their medications (60%). On the other hand, they had less compliance with diet control (23.3%) and regular exercise (26.7%). The prevalence of reported hypoglycemia was marked among patients with T1DM (82.5%) compared to patients with T2DM (12.5%).
Conclusion: The most common event associated with hypoglycemia was eating after a long period of insulin intake. The most common symptoms of hypoglycemia were tremors, sweating, palpitation, and drowsiness. Food intake was the most frequent method used by patients to correct a hypoglycemic attack.

Key words: Incidence, hypoglycaemia, risk factors, diabetic patients, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia






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