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AAM. 2013; 2(3): 114-117

An Appraisal of The Mechanism of Action of Shirodhara

Divya Kajaria, Jyotishankar Tripathi, Shrikant Tiwari.


Shirodhara is an important therapeutic measure in Ayurvedic system of medicine, which has got worldwide popularity because of its
simple administration and efficacy in variety of life style disorders. Shirodhara is a purifying and rejuvenating therapy designed to
eliminate toxins and mental exhaustion as well as relieve stress and any ill effects on the central nervous system. Shirodhara is a unique
form of ancient therapy of pouring oil on the forehead from a specific height and for a specific period continuously and rythmatically
allowing the oil to run through the scalp and into the hair. This is a subtype of Murdha taila which means keeping the medicated oil on the
head region. The types of Murdha taila other than Shirodhara are Shiro Abhyanga, Pichu and Shiro Basti. In this article we are trying to
analyse the various mechanism of action of this Panchakarma technique and search the scientific explanation for its therapeutic utility.

Key words: Shirodhara, Murdha taila, Panchakarma.

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