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Review Article

A review on ethnopharmacological potential of Aloe vera L.

Md. Shamim Hossain, A.N.M Mamun-Or-Rashid, Nayeem Md. Towfique, Monokesh Kumer Sen.

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In recent years, Aloe vera Linn. (Ghritokumari locally) has become a subject of interest because of its beneficial effects on human health. The present ethnopharmacological review was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic properties of A. vera by scientific evidences. It belongs to the family Liliaceae, is a perennial herb with 30-60cm long juicy leaves which is found all over Bangladesh. To date, more than 75 active ingredients including aloesin, aloeemodin, acemannan, aloeride, methylchromones, flavonoids, saponin, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals have been identified from inner gel of leaves. It has antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer, antidiabetic, immuneboosting, and hypoglycemic properties. Daily supplementation with this is effective against stroke, heart attacks, leukemia, anemia, hypertension, AIDS, radiation burns, digestive disorders etc. This study also covers its taxonomy, distribution, morphology, and monograph.

Key words: Aloe vera, ethnopharmacological, ingredients, review.

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