Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research



A study on the prevalence of refractive errors among school childern of 7-15 years age group in the field practice areas of a medical college in bangalore

Pavithra MB, Maheshwaran R, Rani Sujatha MA.

Abstract
Background: Refractive Error is an avoidable cause of visual impairment. Diagnosis and Treatment of refractive errors is the simplest and most effective forms of eye care.

Aims & Objective: To study the prevalence and determinants of uncorrected refractive errors, among school children of 7-15 years.

Material and Methods: The study was a cross sectional study of 1378 government school children of 7- 15 years age group in both rural and urban field practice areas of Dr. BR Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore. Students were screened for defective vision with the help of Snellen’s chart and refractionist confirmed the findings. Students with refractive error were provided with spectacles free of cost. Data was analysed to determine the prevalence of refractive errors among the school children.

Results: 687 children of urban and 691 children of rural area were examined. 53.6% of the study population were boys and 46.4% were girls. The mean age of the study group was 12.4 years. The prevalence of uncorrected refractive error in urban and rural children was 7.03%. The prevalence of Myopia, Hypermetropia and Astigmatism in children was 4.4%, 1.03%, 1.6% respectively. Children 13 to years 15 attending urban schools were most likely to have uncorrected myopia. Hypermetropia was associated with younger age group and female children.

Conclusion: The prevalence of uncorrected refractive error, especially myopia, was higher in older children. Causes of higher prevalence and barriers to refractive error correction services should be identified and addressed. Eye screening of school children is recommended.

Key words: Refractive Error; Prevalence; Hypermetropia; Myopia; School Children



Similar Articles

Social skills and psychopathology are associated with autonomic function in children: a cross-sectional observational study.
Cainelli E, Vedovelli L, Bottigliengo D, Boschiero D, Suppiej A
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(4): 920-928

Prevalence of a Single-Nucleotide Variant of SARS-CoV-2 in Korea and Its Impact on the Diagnostic Sensitivity of the Xpert Xpress SARS-CoV-2 Assay.
Hong KH, In JW, Lee J, Kim SY, Lee KA, Kim S, An Y, Lee D, Sung H, Kim JS, Lee H
Annals of laboratory medicine. 2022; 42(1): 96-99

Compound glycyrrhizin injection for improving liver function in children with acute icteric hepatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Liang SB, Hou WB, Zheng RX, Liang CH, Yan LJ, Wang HN, Cao HJ, Han M, Robinson N, Liu JP
Integrative medicine research. 2022; 11(1): 100772

Gripforce reduction in children with an upper neonatal brachial plexus lesions.
Buitenhuis SM, Pondaag W, Wolterbeek R, Malessy MJA
Journal of rehabilitation medicine. 2021; ():

Taijiquan and qigong as a mindfulness cognitive-behavioural based therapy on the treatment of cothymia in school-age children - A preliminary study.
Rodrigues JM, Lopes L, Gonçalves M, Machado JP
Journal of bodywork and movement therapies. 2021; 26(): 329-338


Full-text options


Latest Statistics about COVID-19
• pubstat.org


Add your Article(s) to Indexes
• citeindex.org






Covid-19 Trends and Statistics
ScopeMed.com
CiteIndex.org
CancerLine
FoodsLine
PhytoMedline
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.



ScopeMed Web Sites