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Natl J Med Res. 2013; 3(1): 27-29

Socio Demographic Profile and Clinical Presentation of Collagen Vascular Disease with Pulmonary Symptoms: A Descriptive Cross Sectional Study

Parul Vadgama, Mehul Bhavsar, Kusum V Shah, Rajesh Solanki, Ramakant Dixit, Jignesh Vaishnani.

Introduction: Collagen Vascular Disease presented with varied systemic symptoms including pulmonary symptoms, commonly breathless on exertion; dry cough; cough with expectoration; chest pain; and hemoptysis. The current study was conducted to know socio demographic profile and clinical presentation of patient coming with Collagen Vascular Disease having pulmonary symptoms.
Methodology: This was a descriptive cross sectional study conducted among Collagen Vascular Disease patient coming with pulmonary symptoms in outpatient department.
Results: Among the 50 patients 40% patients were having SC followed by SLE (30%). Most common age group was 31 to 40 year of age followed by 21 to 30 year of age. Both these group contribute more than half of the cases. Eighty percent patients were female with female to male ratio was 4:1. The most common chest symptom in the patients was breathlessness (50%) and fatigue (50%), followed by cough (46%) and chest pain (18%). The most common sign was Crackles (32%) followed by clubbing in 22% of patients.
Conclusion: Female and young - middle age more commonly presented with Collagen Vascular Disease. Most of the patients when presented were having wide-ranging pulmonary symptoms-signs indicating extensive involvement of lung tissues which emphasis need for early diagnosis and treatment.

Key words: Collagen vascular disease, pulmonary symptoms, sceroderma, rheumatoid arthritis

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