Psychiatric Co-Morbidity and Its Associated Factors in Patients with Non Cardiac Chest Pain: A Study from a Tertiary Care Hospital, KolkataAbhik Sinha, Sukhendu Mondal, Asish Mukhopadhyay, Sarmila Mallik, Ashis Debnath, Kantibhushan Choudhury.
Background: Chest pain is a common symptom for patients to attend hospital outdoor all over the world. Majority of the chest pain is due to non-cardiac causes. Both organic and psychiatric causes contribute to the causes of non-cardiac chest pain.
Objectives: To find out the socio-demographic profile of the study population, types of psychiatric disorders present in the study population and to find out the association between the presence of psychiatric disorder in the study population with the relevant socio-demographic variables.
Material and Method : This is a hospital based descriptive cross sectional study done on 88 diagnosed patients of noncardiac chest pain in the Department Of Psychiatry ,Calcutta National Medical College in the time period of January to July 2011 .Data were collected with the help of predesigned pretested proforma and analysed by SPSS 16.0 .
Results: The study revealed that the mean age of the study population was 35.91 years .Most (37.5%) of the study population were having middle school education. Regarding psychiatric co morbidities present 58( 65.9%)of the study population had psychiatric disorder in some form . Of these 58 (65.9%) patients majority (44.9%) were having panic disorders followed by depressive disorders (36.2%). Presence of psychiatric disorder was significantly more in married people (p= 0.011), nuclear family (p =0.002), people from rural areas (p=0.001), lower socioeconomic status (p=0.014).
Conclusion: No significant association of presence of psychiatric disorder with religion, sex, educational status or occupation was found.
Psychiatric co-morbidity, noncardiac chest pain