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Original Article

Childhood trauma in recurrent and first episode depression

Feridun Bülbül, Ülkü Çakır, Cuma Ülkü, İdris Üre, Onur Karabatak, Gökay Alpak.

Objective: The aim of this study is to compare patients who have recurrent and first episode major depressive disorder and healthy controls based upon their childhood traumas. Methods: Sixty subjects with the diagnoses of primarily as Major Depressive Disorder according to DSM-IV-TR who admitted Bezm-i Alem Valide Sultan Vakıf Gureba Education and Research Hospital and 30 mentally healthy subjects were included in the study. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I), Hamilton Depression Scale, Childhood Trauma Questions List and socio-demographic form were applied to both patient and control group. Results: Emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional negligence and physical negligence scores were significantly higher in recurrent and first episode depression groups than the control group. It was found that age of onset is earlier in the recurrent group than the first episode group. Childhood trauma scores were higher in recurrent major depression group than those in the first episode major depression group. There was a significant relationship between childhood traumas and early onset of depression. Discussion: There is a relationship between major depression and childhood traumas and this may be one of the reasons that led to relapse of depression. This relationship must be taken into consideration when evaluating recurrent or treatment resistant major depressive patients.
Key words:

Key words: recurrent major depression, first episode, major depression, childhood trauma

Article Language: Turkish English

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Archives of Clinical and Experimental Surgery (ACES)


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The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
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