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Original Article

Open Vet J. 2021; 11(2): 222-227


Effect of probiotics administration at different levels on the productive parameters of guinea pigs for fattening (Cavia porcellus)

Fernando Carcelen, Melissa Lopez, Felipe San Martin, Miguel Ara, Sandra Bezada, Luis Felipe Ruiz, Rocio Sandoval, Sofia Lopez, Jorge Guevara.


Abstract

Background: Antibiotics have been used to maintain animal welfare and improve efficiency for more than 50 years. Recently, the presence of antibiotics was found in the muscle, liver, and kidney of guinea pig carcasses for sale for human consumption, which is a public health issue. Probiotics are supplements of live microorganisms that, administered in adequate doses, could replace growth-promoting antibiotics.
Aim: This study analysed the effect of the administration of an oral probiotic mixture on the productive performance of guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus).
Methods: Fifty male guinea pigs, weaned at 14 days of age, were distributed in a completely randomised design of five treatments with 10 repetitions each. The treatments were: CONTROL, without probiotic; PROB 1, 1 mL of probiotic; PROB 2, 2 mL of probiotic; PROB 3, 3 mL of probiotic; and AGP, 300 ppm zinc bacitracin. The microorganisms used in the probiotic were Enterococcus hirae, Lactobacillus reuteri, L. frumenti, L. johnsoni, Streptococcus thoraltensis, and Bacillus pumilus. Productive parameters were evaluated from weaning to 70 days of age.
Results: No statistically significant difference was found between the treatments on forage DMI, concentrate DMI, or total DMI (p>0.05). Similarly, no statistical difference was found between the treatments in terms of final weight or weight gain (p>0.05). Regarding the feed conversion ratio, there was a significant difference between treatments (p=0.045); the CONTROL group had the highest feed conversion ratio, followed by the AGP group, with the best feed conversion ratio observed in the PROB 3 group (p

Key words: antibiotic growth promoter, guinea pig, probiotics, productive parameters






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