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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2018; 9(9): 703-708

Vector Control Methods Adopted By a Village in Andaman & Nicobar Islands; a Cross-Sectional Study

Lena Charlette Stephen Julius, Jahnavi G, Pandurang Vithal Thatkar, Shivani Rao, Bhanu Pratap Singh Gaur, Ajay Raj Sethuraman.

Background and Objectives: In Andaman & Nicobar Islands vector borne diseases like Malaria, Filaria, Dengue and Chikungunya are a common public health problem. Environmental, geographic factors and vector biology favor vector breeding in the islands. Bi- annual spraying with DDT is the chief vector control strategy adopted by the health system in these Islands. This study was conducted to assess the vector control methods adopted by the households in Wandoor village of South Andaman and to assess the coverage of IRS and ITN in the community.
Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted in Wandoor village of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, between January to March 2017.The sample size was calculated based on the prevalence of regular use of ITN of 80%. Using systematic sampling, every third house was identified for inclusion in the study. Data was collected using a semi structured questionnaire, administered to one respondent per household. Households which were found locked were visited on one more occasion, before being excluded from the study.
Results: A total of 87 households were considered in the analysis. Vector borne diseases were reported by five households (5.75%; 95% CI: 1.89 to 12.9, p

Key words: Mosquito control, malaria, dengue

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