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An epidemiological study on quality of life among rural elderly population of nothern India

Syed Shuja Qadri, SK Ahluwalia, Abdul Majid Ganai, shalender paul Singh bali,Feroz Ahmad Wani, Humaira Bashir..


Background: Population ageing is a recognized international reality, both in developed and developing countries. The number of elderly in the developing world is increasing due to demographic transition, whereas their condition is deteriorating as a result of fast eroding traditional family system coupled with rapid modernization and urbanization. Current statistics for the elderly gives a prelude to a new set of medical, social and economic problems that could arise if a timely initiative in this direction is not taken.

Aims & Objective: To determine the pattern of physical morbidity in rural elderly population and to study health related quality of life and utilization of health services among them.

Material and Methods: A community based cross-sectional design was adopted for studying the health problems of elderly and their health related quality of life, using WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire. Simple random sampling technique was used for sample collection. A total of 660 individual ≥ 60 years of age were taken up for the study purpose.

Results: An overwhelming majority (68.2%) of elderly enjoyed a good quality of life, while those having a fair/poor quality of life were ≤ 15%. Quality of life was better in males in physical, psychological, social and environmental domains. It was more in subjects who had graduated and currently married, belonged to non-scheduled cast and living in extended families (p

Key words: Population ageing, Urbanization, Modernization, Morbidity.

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