Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research



The relation of body image perception with body mass index, gender and disease activity in ankylosing spondylitis and rheumatoid arthritis

Tuba Tulay Koca, Hasan Gogebakan, Gozde Yildirim Cetin.

Abstract
Aim: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are chronic inflammatory joint diseases that can lead physical deformities at peripheral joints. Both physical deformities and chronic pain can lead to psychological changes in people due to impairment in the body image perception (BIP) of the body.
Material and methods: Sixty (N=60) AS patients and 55 RA patients were included into the study. Age, gender, body mass index (BMI), duration of diagnosis, education and disease activity of the patients were recorded. Ankylosing spondylitis diagnosis was evaluated according to the Criteria of Ankylosing Spondylitis International Society (ASAS) Classification, 2010. The severity of back pain was assessed with visual analog scale (VAS); disease activity by Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI); functional disability was assessed with the Bath Ankylosing Functional Index (BASFI). In RA diagnosis the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), 2010 criteria were used. The patient’s global function was evaluated with visual analog scale (VAS, 0-10 cm) and disease activity was evaluated with disease activity score (DAS28) in RA patients.
Results: At the mean age of 38.5 ± 9.8 years, 46 male (M) and 14 female (F) patients with AS were included in the study. In patients with AS, BIP score was positively correlated only with peripheral joint involvement (r = 0.32 / p = 0.005). At mean age of 52.1 ± 13 years, 12 male and 43 female patients with RA were included. The BIP score in RA patients did not correlatewith any parameter. The BIP score was not significantly different between the two groups. In the AS group, BIP score was significantly higher in female gender (F = 110.2 ± 29 / M = 95.8 ± 20.5; p = 0.041). There was no gender difference in the RA group according to BIP score. In the whole group only in male gender BIP score was negatively correlated with duration of diagnosis (r = -0.264, p = 0.047); it was positively correlated with BASFI (r = 0.306; p = 0.041). BIP score wasn’t related with BMI in both groups.
Conclusion: In the early active periods of the rheumatologic diseases and
in the later stages of them with the progress of physical disability, BIP may get worse. Also we see high BIP scores in female AS patients. A better understanding of factors affecting BIP will increase the success of treatment regimens. The BIP should be taken into account in the follow up of the chronic rheumatologic diseases like RA and AS.

Key words: Rheumatoid Arthritis; Ankylosing Spondylitis; Body Image Perception.



Similar Articles

Striatal oxidative damages and neuroinflammation correlate with progression and survival of Lewy body and Alzheimer diseases.
Li H, Knight WC, Xu J
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(4): 867-874

Using the Automated Botanical Contact Device (ABCD) to Deliver Reproducible, Intermittent Touch Stimulation to Plants.
Fitzgerald C, Vens CS, Miller N, Barker R, Westphall M, Lombardino J, Miao J, Swanson SJ, Gilroy S
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2368(): 81-94

Spore Preparation and Protoplast Isolation to Study Gravity Perception and Response in Ceratopteris richardii.
Cannon AE, Sabharwal T, Roux SJ
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2368(): 53-60

The Cilioprotist Cytoskeleton , a Model for Understanding How Cell Architecture and Pattern Are Specified: Recent Discoveries from Ciliates and Comparable Model Systems.
Hufnagel LA
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2364(): 251-295

Super-Resolution Imaging of the Actin Cytoskeleton in Living Cells Using TIRF-SIM.
Wöllert T, Langford GM
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2364(): 3-24


Full-text options


Latest Statistics about COVID-19
• pubstat.org


Add your Article(s) to Indexes
• citeindex.org






Covid-19 Trends and Statistics
ScopeMed.com
CiteIndex.org
CancerLine
FoodsLine
PhytoMedline
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.



ScopeMed Web Sites