In the territory of Central Asia existed Khiva, Bukhara, and Kokand khanates in the 16th and 19thcenturies. In the economy of these self-governed states, agriculture, cattle breeding and handicraft production played an important role. A prominent place in the economy of metal processing took several types of crafts. Handicraft production associated with metal processing that depended on mining. The main raw material as metal was mined from local mines. In the 16th century, the processing of minerals played an important role in the development of society, which was mainly of great importance in the manufacture of metal products, building materials, various ornaments, coins, etc. Under the earth mined various minerals: iron, copper, coal, oil, sulfur, precious and semi-precious stones.
Central Asia, gold industry, Khiva Khanate, Bukhara Khanate, Kokand Khanate, jewelry, mines, craft, traditional mining, sand with gold, mountain, gold, silver, mining, minerals.