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Review Article

SRP. 2019; 10(2): 297-302


Correlation between Parasitemia with Hemoglobin Levels in Malaria Patients at Hanura Health Center Working Area Pesawaran District, Lampung, Indonesia

BETTA KURNIAWAN, WALUYO RUDIYANTO, HANNA MUTIARA, ARINDA STEFANI, ROFIQUL UMAM, KITTISAK JERMSITTIPARSERT.

Abstract
Background: Malaria is a disease caused by the parasite Plasmodium sp. Plasmodium which enters human body will damage to red blood cells so that can cause hemolytic anemia, which results in increased mortality and morbidity.
Objectives: The purpose was to find out the correlation between the number of parasitemia and hemoglobin levels in malaria patients at work area of the Hanura Health Center in Pesawaran District.
Materials and Methods: This researched was an observational analytic studied with a crossed sectional researched design. The subjects in this studied were 30 malaria patient and taken by consecutive sampling method. Subjects were taken peripheral blood to checked hemoglobin levels, made thick and thin smear preparations for calculating parasitemia rates. Furthermore, the data was processed by software with the Pearson correlation test at a significance leveled of 95% (α = 0.05).
Results: The results showed that the higher rate of parasitemia would result in lower the hemoglobin level. Low hemoglobin levels occur in moderate parasitemia (28.57%) and severe parasitemia (71.43%). Based on statistical tests, the value of p was 0,001 and the r value was -0,695. Conclusion: There was a correlation between the number of parasitemia and hemoglobin levels in malaria patients in the Hanura Community Health Center work area.

Key words: Hemoglobin level, malaria, parasitemia, plasmodium, red blood cell



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