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Review Article

JCR. 2016; 3(4): 27-32


A REVIEW ON BENTHIC STUDY ALONG ODISHA COAST, EAST COAST OF INDIA: A NEGLECTED RESEARCH

SATYABRATA DAS SHARMA, LAKSHMAN NAYAK, CHITTA RANJAN PANDA, MITALI PRIYADARSINI PATI, SUBHALATA SAMANTARAY.

Abstract
The purpose of quantifying macrobenthos in the sea follows the rationales that the early workers were searching for exploitable fisheries or the
importance of benthos for nourishing demersal fish stock. However in more recent years, studying on macrobenthic communities living in the
coastal regions proved useful to follow changes in the biological diversity, ecosystem processes, evaluating marine pollution, accessing the demersal
fishery resources as well as the environmental monitoring program. Benthic research has long been carried out both in spatial and temporal scale
on the distribution, species diversity, community structure and abundance. In India, plenty of works has been reported especially both in East Coast
and West Coast including Islands. Benthic studies in the coastal region of India are very few and at the primary stage as compared to other countries
of the world. Likewise, the benthic studies of Bay of Bengal along the east coast of India are few as compared with the Arabian Sea along the west
coast of India. While we consider about Odisha coast, it is negligible. India has nine maritime states which have been contributed their marine
benthic research continuously except Odisha. Very few works have been reported along this coast during last few decades. So realizing the
importance of benthic study, the present work is aimed to review how much work has actually made along Odisha Coast, East Coast of India during
last few decades (1990-2015).

Key words: Benthos, Multi-decadal review, Odisha coast, Neglected research, East coast of India



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