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Review Article

SRP. 2020; 11(1): 01-06


Dental Development between Assisted Reproductive Therapy (Art) and Natural Conceived Children: A Comparative Pilot Study

Norzaiti Mohd Kenali, Naimah Hasanah Mohd Fathil, Norbasyirah Bohari, Ahmad Faisal Ismail, Roszaman Ramli.

Abstract
Assisted Reproductive Therapy (ART) treatment has been used worldwide for couples to achieve pregnancy. Several studies have shown the perinatal effects of ART methods to the mothers and foetus and also medical problems that are associated with ART children. Thus, this research aims to provide novel information on the dental development status among ART children as compared with natural conceived (NC). A total of forty children were invited to participate in this study. Twenty of them were ART children and the other twenty participants were NC children. The participants were selected through the convenience sampling method from the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. The participants were aged- and gender-matched. Demographic data was recorded and dental clinical examination was conducted. Dental age estimation was performed using the Willemís method on the orthopantomograph (OPG) taken. The median incomes for both groups were higher than the median income of Pahang state (RM 3979). The parental educational level showed 20:80 and 13:87 in percentage ratio of secondary to tertiary level for ART and NC group respectively. Regarding dental development, both ART and NC groups exhibits similar dental development rate (p>0.05) according to the age. Our study concluded that there is no significant difference in dental development between ART and NC children.

Key words: Dental development, assisted reproductive therapy, normal conceived


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