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SRP. 2010; 1(1): 50-54

Tamarind Kernel Gum: An Upcoming Natural Polysaccharide

Gupta V, Puri R, Gupta S, Jain S, Rao GK.


Polymers are complex carbohydrates having good mechanical properties for application as fiber,
films, adhesives, rheology modifiers, hydrogels, emulsifiers, and drug delivery agents. Tamarind
seed polysaccharide (TSP) is a glucosaminoglycan derivative extracted from the kernel of seeds of
Tamarindus indica Linn., Family Leguminosae. A polymer consists of cellulose-type spine that carries
xylose and galactoxylose substituents. It can be used as a binder in tablets, as a mucoadhesive
for buccal or sublingual delivery of drugs, in gastro-intestinal targeting as a bioadhesive tablet,
and for ocular delivery of drugs for achieving zero-order controlled release. They also act as a
carrier for delivery of certain drugs. TSP future perspective is wide application as a promising
polymer in pharmaceutical industry as a novel carrier of drugs in various bioadhesive and other
sustained release formulations.

Key words: Bioadhesive Mucoadhesion Sustained delivery Tamarind seed polysaccharide

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