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Review Article

SRP. 2018; 9(1): 70-78


Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Tinospora cordifolia: A Review

Prashant Tiwari, Puravi Nayak, Shakti Ketan Prusty, Pratap Kumar Sahu.

Abstract
The use of indigenous drug industry in India has been widely expanded in
recent years. Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi) belonging to family Menispermaceae
has a wide array of bioactive principles in exploring nutraceuticals
from plant materials. It is a versatile resource for all forms of life and can
be an alternative for synthetic drugs considering their adverse effects and
also for economic purposes. T. cordifolia is considered as an important
herbal drug of Indian System of Medicines (ISM). The herb is known for its
therapeutic efficacy and used in treatment of dyspepsia, diabetes, fever,
urinary problems, jaundice, chronic diarrhoea, cardiac disease, dysentry,
helmenthiasis, skin diseases, leprosy and many more diseases. Present
review highlights the classical anti-toxin, anti diabetic, anticancer, immunomodulatory,
antioxidant, antimicrobial, hepato-protective activity of Guduchi
and their validation through existing literature. The plant is reported to contain
alkaloids, glycosides, steroids and terpenoids. The current study is undertaken
to explore and establish the phytochemistry and pharmacological
activity of T. cordifolia.

Key words: Bioactive compounds, Guduchi, Menispermaceae, Pharmacological action, Tinospora cordifolia.


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