Introduction: Occupational burnout among nurses is a major factor affecting the quality of nursing care. Assessing the prevalence of burnout and its related factors is necessary for discouraging the development of burnout. Aim: The aim of this study is determining the burnout among nurses of Ziaeian Hospital, which has not done before. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all the nursing staff (287 people) was included after filling the informed consent. Occupational burnout was detected using the Maslach occupational burnout inventory tool. Data were analyzed by SPSS software and the significance threshold was set at p < 0.05. Results: Most of the subjects were female, married, had a bachelors degree, worked as a nurse, and had less than 5 years of work experience. The mean score of emotional exhaustion was 29.25 ± 12.64, personal performance was 37.31 ± 7.9, and depersonalization was 14.7 ± 5.1. Altogether, 75% of the population had severe emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and mild personal dysfunction. The severity of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and individual performance impairment weregreater in staff with higher degree. Job position also affected the intensity of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Additionally, there was a significant association between marital status and depersonalization. Conclusion: Nurses of Ziaeean Hospital have severe emotional exhaustion and depolarization; and mild personal function impairment. The findings of this research are a guide for the next steps to solve burnout in this hospital.
Key words: burnout, nurse, occupational health, work characteristics, hospital.