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Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci.. 2018; 26(1): 14-22

Medicinal Plants Used in the Treatment of Infant Diseases in South Western Nigeria

P. O. Fatoba, S. B. Adeyemi, A. A. Adewole and M. T. Fatoba Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria..

This study was aimed at documenting medicinal plants used in the treatment of infant diseases in South Western Nigeria. Common infant diseases treated with herbs by people of South Western Nigeria include convulsion, measles, malaria, cough and jaundice among others. The method employed was semi-structured format of interview which involved one-on-one interview using the local language (Yoruba). Forty-five plants belonging to thirty-three families were documented alongside with their
medicinal use in the treatment of infant diseases. Information on various recipes was also documented which include their preparation, parts used, administration and dosage. There is still the need for researchers to explore this vital information through scientific validation to the claim of the indigenous people. Also screening, isolation and characterization of active constituents of the plants would give leads in the production of novel drug.

Key words: Infant Diseases, Convulsion, Administration, Dosage, Indigenous people

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