A mobile ad hoc network is a group of wireless mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any stand-alone infrastructure administration. Mobile Ad-hoc networks are self organizing and self-configuring multihop wireless networks where the network structure changed dynamically. This is mainly due to the mobility of the nodes. Nodes in these networks cooperating in a gracious manner to engaging themselves in multihop forwarding. The nodes in the network not only act as hosts but also act as routers that route data to/from other nodes in network. MANETs requires an efficient routing protocol that provides the quality of service (QoS) mechanism. Routing protocol should be fully distributed; Easy computation and maintenance, Adaptive to frequent topology change, Optimal and loop free route optimal use of resources, Collision should be minimum. MANET detect the shortest path with minimum hop count as optimal route without any consideration traffic and the performance degrading of the network Therefore it is very essential to consider load balancing issue in routing mechanism. We mainly focuses on survey of various load balanced Routing protocols for efficient data transmission in MANETs.
Delay, Load balancing, Network Traffic, QoS, Throughput