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Vom J. Vet. Sci.. 2018; 13(2): 34-42

Antibiogram of Bacteria Isolated from Vagina of Exotic Breeding Bitches in Abeokuta, Ogun State

Ezekiel Omotayo OMOSHABA, Temitope Ayisat AJADI, Semilore OLALEYE.

This study was carried out to determine vaginal bacterial flora and the antibiotic sensitivity pattern in exotic breeding bitches Abeokuta, Ogun State. 50 vaginal swabs were collected from 50 apparently healthy bitches presented at two government veterinary hospitals in Abeokuta, Ogun State. Bacterial culture and biochemical tests were carried out based on standard procedures. Antibiotic sensitivity testing with 10 common antibiotics was done using agar disk diffusion method. Eighty-eight isolates belonging to five genera of bacteria were isolated which included Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp., Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis and Bacillus spp. Staphylococcus spp (39.8%) had the highest frequency of occurrence followed by Streptococcus spp (23.9%), Bacillus spp (21.6%), Escherichia coli (10.2%) and the least frequency of occurrence was Proteus mirabilis (4.5%). Antibiogram of the bacterial isolates revealed high resistance to amoxicillin (100%), augmentin (100%), chloramphenicol (100%), streptomycin (88.9%), gentamycin (77.8%) but were sensitive to ciprofloxacin (100%), ofloxacin (100%), sparfloxacin (77.8%) and pefloxacin (77.8%). Staphylococcus aureus, β-haemolytic Streptococcus spp and Escherichia coli are pathogenic organisms that can cause serious infections when in high population. Multidrug resistant strains recovered from the isolates can pose a threat to humans especially veterinarians and animal health professionals having regular contact with dogs. The result of this study showed that ciprofloxacin is most effective antibiotics against the bacteria isolated and the knowledge from this work could assist in educating dog owners/breeders, animal health professionals on the emergence of multidrug resistant bacteria resulting from indiscriminate use of antibiotics.

Key words: antibiotic, bacteria, exotic breed, multidrug resistant

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