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The role of serotonin and serotonin 2A receptor in the anxiety due to traumatic brain injury in immature rats

Başak Baykara, Burak Baykara, Mehmet Ateş, İlkay Aksu, Müge Kıray, Ayşegül Taş, Hikmet Gümüş, Caner Çetinkaya, Ali Rıza Şişman, Durgül Yılmaz, Mehmet Nuri Arda, Nazan Uysal.

Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between anxiety due to traumatic brain injury (TBI) and prefrontal cortex serotonin (5-HT) and 5-HT2A receptor in immature rats. Methods: Seven days old rats were subjected to traumatic brain injury model. They were divided into five groups. 1-Sham; 2-TBI group; 3-TBI followed by 14 days of administration of essitalopram (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors; SSRI) (10 mg/kg) group (TBI+SSRI); 4-TBI and cyproheptadine (nonspecific serotonin receptor antagonist; A) (5 mg/kg) given by gastric gavage one hour prior to behavioral tests (TBI+A); 5-TBI followed by 14 days of essitalopram (SSRI) and cyproheptadine (A) given 1 hour prior to behavioral tests (TBI+SSRI+A). Elevated T-maze test and open field test applied to all groups and then blood corticosterone, prefrontal cortex tissue 5-HT and 5-HT2A receptor quantities measured. Prefrontal cortex neuron density histologically evaluated. Results: In the TBI group, the time spent in the peripheral cells, the time spent in the elevated T-maze closed arms, and serum corticosterone levels found to increase as a result of anxiety. Neuronal density decreased in prefrontal cortex. SSRI treatment reduced the time spent on the closed arms in the elevated T-maze test. SSRI decreased serum corticosterone levels and increased neuronal density. Tissue serotonin levels decreased in all groups exposure to TBI compared to sham group. 5-HT2A receptor levels were higher in the TBI and A group. Conclusion: SSRIs showed anxiolytic effect for anxiety, secondary to TBI in immature rats.

Key words: immature rats, traumatic brain injury, prefrontal cortex, serotonin, serotonin 2A receptor, SSRI



Article Language: Turkish English



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