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Original Article

Med Arch. 2018; 72(4): 244-248

Are Burnout Syndrome and Depression Predictors for Aggressive Behavior Among Mental Health Care Professionals?

Aspasia Tzeletopoulou, Victoria Alikari, Sofia Zyga, Maria Tsironi, Maria Lavdaniti, Paraskevi Theofilou.


Aim: This study aims to examine the possible relation between depression and burnout as predictors to aggressive behaviors among mental healthcare professionals. Methods: For the purposes of this study 72 mental health care professionals were recruited and were evaluated in three questionnaires which were provided to them online. Firstly regarding depression, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was administered, secondly, concerning burnout, Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was applied and finally, regarding aggression, the Aggression Questionnaire (GAQ) was employed. Statistical data analysis was performed using the IBM SPSS Statistics Version 19. The level of statistical significance was set at up at 0.05. Results: The results showed that depression is considered to be a statistically significant predictor of aggressive behaviors. However, burnout was not found to be a statistically significant predictor of aggression. In addition, a statistically significant relationship was found between burnout and depression. Conclusions: It seems to be of essential importance for mental healthcare professionals to be provided with support and assistance in order to diminish the potential high-stress levels and in that way to overcome depression and burnout of those who work in mental health settings.

Key words: aggression, burnout, depression, mental health care professionals.

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