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The incidence of the deep veins thrombosis among adult and pediatric Saudi patients with burns. National Guard hospital between 2010-2015

Tawfeik Alyafi, Mohamed Alkahtani, Nouf Alturki, Mohammed Ashi.

Abstract
Objectives: This retrospective study aimed to estimate the incidence of the deep vein thrombosis (DVT) among patients suffering from burn in a tertiary care hospital at Saudi Arabia during the period from January 2010 to January 2016.
Methods: A chart review study was conducted at National Guard hospital in the Management of Adult and Pediatric Patients with Burns, from 2010-2015. The study included 168 burn cases from 2010 to 2015, of which 109 (64.9%) were children and 59 (35.1%) were adults. Six cases from pediatric had incomplete data were excluded from analysis.
Results: This study showed that 38.3% of the patients with burns in the study period were adults, 61.7% were children 66.9% were males, and 98% were Saudis. The main cause of burns was the flame in adults (45.7%) and children (66%), with significant difference (p=0.029). Lower limb was the main site of burns among (50.8%) of the adults, while the main site was the abdomen among the children (67.7). DVT (3.1%) and death (1.1%) was higher among children than adults with no significant difference.
Conclusions: The rate of the burn was higher among children than adults without significant difference. The main cause for burning was flame. The main risk factors to develop DVT were increased total body surface area, insertion of the central line, and admission to ICU. There is a need for more meaningful evaluation of the patients with burns in order to calculate the incidence of DVT and identify the associated risk factors among them.

Key words: Burn, deep venous thrombosis, Saudi, complication, incidence, death



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