RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 638-642
Psycho-social features, blood sugar, and quality of life among older female patients with uncontrolled Type 2 diabetes mellitus in Bangkok, ThailandMonthalee Nooseisai, Ratana Somrongthong, Ramesh Kumar, Tasnuva Wahed, Peter Xenos.
Objective: To describe features related to socio-demographic, stress, mindfulness, quality of life (QOL), and blood glucose level among older female patients with uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes in selected public health center in Bangkok, Thailand.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 84 female patients during June–August 2017. Participants were interviewed through Suanprung Stress Test-20 (SPST – 20), the Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale Thai version (PHLMS_TH), and WHOQOL – BREF (Thai). Their blood samples were collected to analyze the blood sugar level. Descriptive statistic and spearman co-relation were used.
Results: Out of 84 participants, 42% were 61 to 65 years old, 76% had primary education, and 54% were housewives. Around 20% were diagnosed with diabetes for more than 10 years and 38% never had exercise. The mean HbA1c was 8.32+0.79 and 34% had co-morbidities. Hypertension and dyslipidemia were most common. About 23% and 42% had high stress and high level of mindfulness, respectively. Most of them had moderate quality of life. The significant correlation between level of stress and QOL was found (r = - .334, p = .002).
Conclusion: Poor socio-demographic characteristics, low recommended exercise behavior, moderate stressed and mindfulness level were associated with quality of life among Thai female uncontrolled T2DM patients.
Blood glucose, Quality of life, Stress, mindfulness, Type 2 diabetes, Older female patient.