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Original Research

RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 638-642


Psycho-social features, blood sugar, and quality of life among older female patients with uncontrolled Type 2 diabetes mellitus in Bangkok, Thailand

Monthalee Nooseisai, Ratana Somrongthong, Ramesh Kumar, Tasnuva Wahed, Peter Xenos.

Abstract
Objective: To describe features related to socio-demographic, stress, mindfulness, quality of life (QOL), and blood glucose level among older female patients with uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes in selected public health center in Bangkok, Thailand.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 84 female patients during June–August 2017. Participants were interviewed through Suanprung Stress Test-20 (SPST – 20), the Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale Thai version (PHLMS_TH), and WHOQOL – BREF (Thai). Their blood samples were collected to analyze the blood sugar level. Descriptive statistic and spearman co-relation were used.
Results: Out of 84 participants, 42% were 61 to 65 years old, 76% had primary education, and 54% were housewives. Around 20% were diagnosed with diabetes for more than 10 years and 38% never had exercise. The mean HbA1c was 8.32+0.79 and 34% had co-morbidities. Hypertension and dyslipidemia were most common. About 23% and 42% had high stress and high level of mindfulness, respectively. Most of them had moderate quality of life. The significant correlation between level of stress and QOL was found (r = - .334, p = .002).
Conclusion: Poor socio-demographic characteristics, low recommended exercise behavior, moderate stressed and mindfulness level were associated with quality of life among Thai female uncontrolled T2DM patients.

Key words: Blood glucose, Quality of life, Stress, mindfulness, Type 2 diabetes, Older female patient.


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